Most parts of the neem tree are credited with medicinal value.
Fruit has lots of medicinal values and good to eat too!
The leaves make an excellent fodder, particularly loved by elephants. A quick grower that provides ample shade, the Pilkhan is often used as an avenue tree.
A variable one stop pharmacy credited with an astonishing range of remedies in folk medicine. There is also a recent interest in its potential as a bio-fuel.
Much preferred summer drink is made of its fruit. The seeds are encased in a strong-smelling pulp. It has great medicinal value and is also considered sacred.
Most parts of the tree are used in traditional healing. An astringent lotion made from the bark is credited in treating deep wounds inflicted by tiger claws!
Much sought after and widely cultivated for its arrestingly beautiful, drooping sprays of bright-yellow flowers. The bark is used as a tan and yields a red dye.
Makes one of the best clipped evergreen hedges of all Indian plants. Used in traditional medicines, the leaves are used to make good cattle fodder.
The root- bark is one of the five barks most valued by ancient Indian physicians. The juice of the bark is used as a mouthwash, and for curing toothache and weak gums.
Paste made of mehndi leaves is widely used by women on many occasions. The plant is also known as henna.
The bark and leaves have astringent and purgative properties. It is also used to add ornamental value.
Oil extracted from the seeds is used for treating rheumatism, headaches and skin diseases.
The astringent fruit is one of the 3 ingredients of Ayurvedic triphala, prescribed for coughs, leprosy, dropsy (and almost everything else).
Primarily a decorative tree, the tree has bell-shaped, lavender or purply-blue flowers.
Planted for its evergreen foliage and white pinwheel flowers, it is of high ornamental value.
The ripening fruit is avidly eaten by flying foxes, birds and monkeys, and apparently is safe for human consumption too. The bark is used medicinally to allay fevers.
It’s primarily a decorative tree; the seeds are sometimes strung together as ornamental beads
Its fruit, which looks like a pale cherry, is pickled or eaten tender as a vegetable.
Its root, flower and bark are considered useful in traditional medicine – the bark for treating diarrhea, the flowers as a laxative.
Its tart fruit is used in curries, chutneys, jams and sauces and is high in Vitamin C!
23. Jungle Jalebi
Its leaves and pods are an excellent animal fodder. The tree works as an excellent living fence.
*the list has been compiled from ‘Trees of Delhi’ - a field guide book by Pradip Krishen
*Mehendi and Harshingar are technically not trees but still are valuable plants!
Recommended Reading: A must read for all tree lovers
‘TREES of Delhi’ – A field guide by Pradip Krishen
‘Jungle Trees of Central India’ by Pradip Krishen